One of the most frequently asked questions about the SAT is how the scores are calculated. In the same way that you should know the scoring rules before you play any game or sport, you would want to know how your SAT test is going to be scored if you want to win.
Why Should You Understand How the SAT is Scored?
Know your strengths. The sections where you scored better will tell you a lot about your potential. If you’re still undecided about your college course, this will help you consider options where you know you will be able to do well.
Know what to improve on. If you are retaking the test, focus on preparing for the sections where you scored low. This will help improve your overall score.
Set goals. Knowing how the SAT is scored will help you set score goals for your scholarship and college applications.
SAT New Scoring
Taking the SAT test before March 2016: If you took the test before March 2016, the raw scores were computed based on the items you answered correctly, incorrectly, or that you left blank. For every correct answer, you would receive 1 point. For incorrect answers on multiple-choice questions, .25 points would be deducted from your raw score. There were no deductions for items you did not answer and for incorrect answers on student-produced response math questions. The scores are reported on a scale from 200-800.
Taking the SAT test after March 2016: The biggest difference between the old and new SAT scoring system is you will no longer get deductions for wrong answers. It is better to make a calculated guess than to leave items blank. The new scoring system also includes subscores and cross-test scores to better reflect your strenghts and knowledge.
- Raw vs Scaled Scores
- Raw SAT Scores
- SAT Scaled Scores
- SAT Composite Scores
- Practice Tests Will Give You A Clue
Raw vs Scaled Scores
Raw SAT Scores
Your raw score is simply the number of questions you answered correctly for each section. You will not be penalized for giving wrong answers or skipping questions. The only questions that will matter are those you answered correctly. The list below shows the number of questions each section in SAT will have.
- Reading test – 52 questions
- Writing and Language test – 44 multiple choice questions
- Math – 58 questions
If you answered 50 reading test questions correctly, then that is your raw score for that section.
If you answered 43 writing and language test questions correctly, then that is your writing test raw score.
If you correctly answered 58 questions in the math section, then that is your raw score and you are a math wiz!
Related Topic: SAT Requirements
SAT Scaled Scores
Once you have your raw scores for each section of the SAT test, then it is time to convert them to the scaled score. To do that, you would need the table below. Here is the rule in converting raw scores to scaled scores.
For the Math raw score, just refer directly to the table below. If you got 58 answers correctly, then you get a scaled score of 800. If you only got 50 correct scores in math, your scaled score for math would be 700.
For the Writing and Reading test though, it is a little more complicated. As you can see, the perfect scaled score for each of them is from 10 to 40, whereas math is from, 200 to 800. So how do you calculate the scaled score for both reading and writing tests?
First, you need to get the scaled score for the writing and reading test separately. Then you add the writing and reading scaled scores and multiply the sum by 10. Some examples are presented below the table.
|Raw Score||Math Section |
|Writing and |
Here are some examples of the conversion from the raw score to scaled score.
Let’s say for example you answered 45 math questions correctly, that would mean your scaled score for math is 660.
Now for reading and writing. Let’s say you got a raw score of 40 for reading and 37 for writing and language. You need to get the scaled score for each: Using the table above, you see that the raw score of 40 for the reading test is equal to 36. And the raw score of 37 for the writing and language test equal to 34.
Now you have to add them together and multiply them by 10
36 + 34 = 67
70 x 10 = 700
Your Reading and Writing scaled score, therefore, is 700.
Let’s put it all together and get the composite score.
Related Topic: 2018 – 2022 SAT Test Dates for the US and International Students
SAT Composite Scores
Now that you have your scaled score for the three major sections in SAT, you can determine your actual SAT composite score. The way to get your composite score is very simple. Just add your three scaled scores together and that’s it.
In the above example, you have a scaled score of 660 for math and a combined scale score of 700 for reading and writing test. That makes your SAT composite score 1360. Not a bad score.
Now that you know how your score is calculated, you can use this to make a strategy to get a good SAT composite score. For example, if you doubt your skills at math, then you can calculate how much score you need to get in reading and writing and language test to make up for the low math score. Note however that some colleges, especially highly competitive universities, will require or look into your subject test scores.
Related Topic: SAT Registration
Practice Tests Will Give You A Clue
SAT practice tests are based on the actual SAT test.
If you use SAT practice tests, you would have an idea how well you will do on the actual SAT test. That is because practice tests are designed to closely resemble the actual test.
SAT practice tests will tell you what your strong and weak areas area.
If in the SAT practice test you only get a score of 35 in math, then you should work on studying the topics where you make the most mistakes and increase your scores in reading and writing tests. Know your weak areas and focus on these.
The best way to get a good SAT score is by preparing for it with a study strategy. Follow a consistent study schedule and take practice tests. These tests familiarize you with the test structure and tell you a lot about areas where you need to improve.
SAT Practice tests are not only a diagnostic tool, but also a memory enhancer tool!
SAT practice tests help you remember concepts you’ve reviewed as you put what you’ve learned into practice. Study for each of the SAT test subjects, specifically math, which makes up a big part of the score.