Question 5/GED Social Studies Practice Test

Question 5 of 25


20 % Complete

Please read the article below and then take time to respond to the question.

Both Greece and Rome are Mediterranean countries, but the terrain of the two is very different. The ancient Greek city-states were separated from each other by hilly countryside and all were near the water. Rome was inland, on one side of the Tiber River, but the Italic tribes (in the boot-shaped peninsula that is now Italy) did not have the natural hilly borders to keep them out of Rome. In Italy, around Naples, Mt. Vesuvius produced fertile land by blanketing the soil with tephra which aged into rich soil. There were also two nearby mountain ranges to the north (Alps) and east (Apennine).

By N.S. Gill. Obtained from

How were the ancient Greek and Roman countries similar and different? And further, how might natural geography affect, for example, a city on the water versus a city inland?

A. Tips and answers below.